White, it became a highly influential guide to English usage during the late 20th century, commonly called Strunk & White. The Elements of Style by William Jr. Strunk (English) Paperback Book Free Shippi. It aims to lighten the task of instructor and studentby concentrating attention (in Chapters IIand III) on a few essentials, the rules ofusage and principles of composition most commonly violated. Stephen King, in On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft, strongly recommends this book to any aspiring fiction writer. This book is intended for use in English courses in which the practice of composition is combined with the study of literature. [3], Cornell University English professor William Strunk Jr. wrote The Elements of Style in 1918 and privately published it in 1919, for use at the university. These egg mimics are an unambiguous example of a plant trait evolved in response to a host-restricted group of insect herbivores.”, “Heliconius butterflies lay their eggs on Passiflora vines. Adjectives are also good candidates for updating–look for “things” and “stuff,” or “very” and “many,” to replace with more precise terminology. This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that he make every word tell. Erin Tubridy Gates is the founder and principal designer of Erin Gates Design and is also the creator of the award winning design blog Elements of Style. In criticizing The Elements of Style, Geoffrey Pullum, professor of linguistics at the University of Edinburgh, and co-author of The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002), said that: The book's toxic mix of purism, atavism, and personal eccentricity is not underpinned by a proper grounding in English grammar. Itaims to give in brief space the principal requirements of plainEnglish style. The original was composed by William Strunk Jr. in 1918, and published by Harcourt in 1920, comprising eight "elementary rules of usage", ten "elementary principles of composition", "a few matters of form", a list of 49 "words and expressions commonly misused", and a list of 57 "words often misspelled". Combine (some) short sentences, or break apart (some) long sentences. The Elements of Style was listed as one of the 100 best and most influential books written in English since 1923 by Time in its 2011 list. The book ran to many reprints. [19], The Boston Globe's review described The Elements of Style Illustrated (2005), with illustrations by Maira Kalman, as an "aging zombie of a book ... a hodgepodge, its now-antiquated pet peeves jostling for space with 1970s taboos and 1990s computer advice". E. B. The fourth edition of The Elements of Style (2000), published 54 years after Strunk's death, omits his stylistic advice about masculine pronouns: "unless the antecedent is or must be feminine". Good writers are concise and precise, weeding out unnecessary words and choosing the exact word to convey meaning. E. B. An author’s writing style is not incidental, superficial, or supplementary: style identifies how ideas are embodied in language. In it, the author had this to say: In it, the author had this to say: The spelling of English words is not fixed and invariable, nor does it depend on any other authority than general agreement. Onomatopoeia and short, staccato words can be used to break up the rhythm of a sentence. Subscribe to Elements of Style. [4] To write well, White advises writers to have the proper mind-set, that they write to please themselves, and that they aim for "one moment of felicity", a phrase by Robert Louis Stevenson. The book covers only a small portion of th… It establishes clearly a boundary to be compared. There is nothing wrong with a word dump as a starting point: the advantage of writing over speaking is that writers can return to their words, rethink them, and revise them for effect. It lists brief guidelines for writing simple English. In … Weeks later, White wrote a feature story about Strunk's devotion to lucid English prose. William Strunk, Jr. Free shipping . E.B. In your analysis, discuss the author’s tone, diction, syntax, theme, and subject matter, and explain how those elements shape the author’s style. [10], Strunk concentrated on the cultivation of good writing and composition; the original 1918 edition exhorted writers to "omit needless words", use the active voice, and employ parallelism appropriately.[11]. This book aims to give in brief space the principal requirementsof plain English style. Style is usually considered to be the province of literary writers. [4], Macmillan and Company subsequently commissioned White to revise The Elements for a 1959 edition (Strunk had died in 1946). The third edition of The Elements of Style (1979) features 54 points: a list of common word-usage errors; 11 rules of punctuation and grammar; 11 principles of writing; 11 matters of form; and, in Chapter V, 21 reminders for better style. Precise words—active verbs, concrete nouns, specific adjectives—help the reader visualize the sentence. Five years later, the fourth edition text was re-published as The Elements of Style Illustrated (2005), with illustrations by the designer Maira Kalman. 12/13/2020 AP English Language and Composition ; 3/3 Print . That was the first edition of the so-called Str… They avoid loose sentences, deleting extraneous words and rearranging their ideas for effect. Thenumbers of the sections may be used as references in correctingmanuscript. Britt Peterson of the Boston Globe wrote that it was a "curious addition". [3], Pullum has argued, for example, that the authors misunderstood what constitutes the passive voice, and he criticized their proscription of established and unproblematic English usages, such as the split infinitive and the use of which in a restrictive relative clause. Not every word in an essay can be a “special” word, nor should they be. At this age, students write fiction and nonfiction stories and. The Elements of Style ("Strunk & White") is an American English writing style guide. White, author of such great literary works as Charlotte’s Web, Stuart Little, and The Trumpet of the Swan… with more action-packed verbs has immediate, positive impact. White's expansion and modernization of Strunk and Tenney's 1935 revised edition yielded the writing style manual informally known as "Strunk & White", the first edition of which sold about two million copies in 1959. He also produced the second (1972) and third (1979) editions of The Elements of Style, by which time the book's length had extended to 85 pages. In the original edition of The Elements of Style, there was a chapter on spelling. the prevailing … Many students initially write with a looser oral style, adding words on to the end of a sentence in the order they come to mind. E. B. Whitegreatly enlarged and revised the book for publication by Macmillan in 1959. The main goal in considering style is to present your information in a manner appropriate for both the audience and the purpose of the writing. 150.). The 1959 edition features White's expansions of preliminary sections, the "Introduction" essay (derived from his magazine feature story about Prof. Strunk), and the concluding chapter, "An Approach to Style", a broader, prescriptive guide to writing in English. I will try to do that here. 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