Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank. The flour is made into flatbreads, including thin, leavened dosa and thicker, unleavened roti. Scientific Name Eleusine Indica Native Indian Goosegrass is inherent to Africa, but naturalized in South America, Micronesia, Asia, American Samoa and the Pacific Islands from the tropical to subtemperate regions. Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. ex A.Rich), Eleusine semisterilis (S.M.Phillips) and Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) In Andhra Pradesh, ragi sankati or ragi muddha – ragi balls – are eaten in the morning with chilli, onions, and sambar. Nonetheless, finger millet blast, caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe grisea (anamorph Pyricularia grisea), can locally cause severe damages, especially when untreated. [10], Finger millet pests are bird predators, such as quelea in East Africa. In Kerala, puttu, a traditional breakfast dish, can be made with ragi flour and grated coconut, which is then steamed in a cylindrical steamer. Nevertheless, finger millet is found to be grown at 30°N in the Himalaya region (India and Nepal). This has disadvantages, such as reduced storage time of the flour due to the high oil content. wiregrass. This makes finger millet a weak competitor for light, water, and nutrients compared with weeds. [14] Striga can be controlled with limited success by hand weeding, herbicide application, crop rotations, improved soil fertility, intercropping and biological control. The organic weed management with this method is a problem, because it is difficult to distinguish between weed and crop. For children, ragi is also fed with milk and sugar (malt). This is the common method because it is the easiest way and no special machinery is required. (S.M.Phillips), Eleusine jaegeri (Pilg. Diagnostic characters Biology Ecology and distribution Nuisance Weed control Botany Uses/Remark References It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. is an accepted name The Plant List Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum … In rainfed cropping, four sowing methods are used:[19], Crop does not mature uniformly and hence the harvest is to be taken up in two stages. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. This process is also called malting and is very common in the production of brewed beverages such as beer. [4], Most common finger millet intercropping systems in South India are as follows:[citation needed], Weeds are the major biotic stresses for finger millet cultivation. ex Steud.. Eleusine distans Link. Zur Gattung gehört die Getreideart Fingerhirse (Eleusine coracana) und mit Eleusine indica ein heute weltweit verbreitetes, gefürchtetes Unkraut. Striga, a parasitic weed which occurs naturally in parts of Africa, Asia, and Australia, can severely affect the crop and yield losses in finger millet and other cereals by 20 to 80%. Furthermore, it can tolerate soil salinity up to a certain extent. It is also eaten as a soup (kurrakan kenda) and as a sweet called 'Halape'. Finger millet can be ground into a flour and cooked into cakes, puddings or porridge. Hindi. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Eleusine . Ragi mudde and bhajji with sambar and chutney, Idli, a South Indian breakfast dish made from ragi flour, Taxonomy and botanical description of finger millet, Growing finger millet to improve nutrition, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Phenotypic Diversity of Nepalese Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Ragi is also used to make roti, idli, dosa and conjee. It has poor content of calcium, potassium, and sodium (less than 10% DV, table). [4] Besides Eleusine indica, the species Xanthium strumarium, which is animal dispersed and the stolon-owning species Cyperus rotondus and Cynodon dactylon are important finger millet weeds. - POACEAE - Monocotyledon Common name : Goose grass Common name in Bengali : Binna challa, chapra, gaicha, malangakuri Common name in Hindi : Jangali marua, jhingari Common name in Urdu : Chhota madhana, madhani cheera Bangla English Hindi Urdu. Sturmiopsis inferens). In southern India, on pediatrician’s recommendation, finger millet is used in preparing baby food, because of millet’s high nutritional content, especially iron and calcium. As a first step of processing finger millet can be milled to produce flour. Eleusine indica is closely related to Eleusine coracana (finger millet or African finger millet), and the diploid E. indica is likely an ancestor of the allotetraploid E. coracana.. In the Kumaon region of northern India, ragi is traditionally fed to women after child birth. Ragi is called koozh – a staple diet in farming communities, eaten along with raw onions and green chillies. India 7: 293. There are various food recipes of finger millet, including dosa, idli, and laddu. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb MAP CONTROLS 1. In addition, intercropping with legumes, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common in East Africa. In the tribal and western hilly regions of Odisha, ragi or mandiaa is a staple food. The second harvest is around seven days after the first. Cultural methods could be sowing in rows instead of broadcast sowing to make distinction between finger millet seedlings and E. indica easier when hand weeding. Its use in holy Hindu practices is barred especially by upper castes. Some sources report a storage duration up to 50 years under good storage conditions. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cynosurus indicus . Goose Grass Eleusine indica Grass family (Poaceae) Description: Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Finger millet has a good malting activity. Eleusine indica - POACEAE. Finger millet can be kept for up to 10 years when it is unthreshed. The majority of worldwide finger millet farmers grow it rainfed, although yields often can be significantly improved when irrigation is applied. Indian Crowfoot Grass is an annual tufted grass. Heat tolerance of finger millet is high. Its seeds are very small, which leads to a relatively slow development in early growing stages. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. [16] Striga resistant genes have not been identified yet in cultivated finger millet but could be found in crop wild relatives of finger millet. Furthermore, the delicate seed can get crushed during the milling. goosegrass. Crab Grass, Fowl-foot Grass, Goosegrass, Crow foot grass/ Crab grass. Kezhvaragu is used to make puttu with jaggery or sugar. The flour is made into a fermented drink (or beer) in Nepal and in many parts of Africa. At the first harvest, all earheads that have turned brown should be cut. 1: 8. In Nepal, a thick dough (ḍhĩḍo) made of millet flour (kōdō) is cooked and eaten by hand. Relative to other species (pearl millet and sorghum), finger millet has a higher tolerance to cool temperatures. Common name :Goose grass. In India, finger millet is a typical rabi (dry-season) crop. Agriculture Technology and Adoption Centre, Association of Australian University Secretaries, Australian Quantum & Classical Transport Physics Group, Centre for Tropical Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology, Choosing Plants for Areas Prone to Cyclones, Reptiles and amphibians by scientific name, Wollumbinia latisternum (syn. It is grown from about 500 to about 2400 m above sea level (e.g. [4] The long storage capacity makes finger millet an important crop in risk-avoidance strategies as a famine crop for farming communities.[4]. Cultural measures to control finger millet blast suggested by ICRISAT for Eastern Africa include crop rotations with nonhost crops such as legumes, deep ploughing under of finger millet straw on infected fields, washing of field tools after use to prevent dissemination of the pathogen to uninfected fields, weed control to reduce infections by weed hosts, and avoiding of high plant densities to impede the pathogen dispersal from plant to plant. A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. Other vernacular names Fermented millet is used to make a beer chhaang and the mash is distilled to make a liquor (rakśiशी). It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Eleusine indica(L.) Gaertn. Eleusine ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). Leveling and watering of beds is required during transplanting. [4], Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. Discover Nature at JCU Finger millet blast can also infest finger millet weeds such as the closely related E. indica, E. africana, Digitaria spp., Setaria spp., and Doctylocterium spp. Broadcasting: Seeds are directly sown in the field. Eleusine indica (L.)Gaertn. [11] These symptoms can drastically impair photosynthesis, translocation of photosynthetic assimilates, and grain filling, so reduce yield and grain quality. Eleusine glabra Schumach. Originally native to Eurasia, goosegrass is widely distributed in the United States. Each spike approximately 4-15 cm long. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. In Sri Lanka, finger millet is called kurakkan and is made into kurakkan roti – an earthy brown thick roti with coconut and thallapa – a thick dough made of ragi by boiling it with water and some salt until like a dough ball. It is the staple diet of many residents of South Karnataka, especially in the rural areas. Common Name: GOOSE GRASS: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 3 Wetness Index: FACU Physiognomy: Ad A-Grass. Different studies confirmed that Eleusine coracana was originated from E. indica and E. floccifolia genomes and selected for cultivation from its wild type E. Africana. B. S. Walters. [11] Measures to control weeds include cultural, physical, and chemical methods. The dough, on other hand, can be made into thick bread (rotee) spread over flat utensil and heating it. Seeds of E. indica are edible and are sometimes used as a famine food, but yields are low.It is an important weed of cultivated crops, lawns, and golf courses. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Tropical Central Africa supports scattered regions of finger millet intercropping mostly with legumes, but also with cassava, plantain, and vegetables. [4] In Uganda, yield losses up to 80% were reported in bad years. Bobosa-bon. Interpreting Wetland Status. The culms are green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. 1789; Hook. It is taken with sambar or kuzhambu. Especially in early growing stages of the crop and the weed and when broadcast seeding instead of row seeding is applied (as often the case in East Africa), the two species are very difficult to distinguish. It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. Naturalized from the Old World and locally established as a weed of disturbed ground in southern Michigan. Spikelets overhanging on the underside of the rachis. It grows in many moist areas and is tolerant of heavy human disturbance. [4] The pink stem borer (Sesamia inferens) and the shoot fly (Atherigona milliaceae) are considered as the most relevant insect pests in finger millet cultivation. Planting should be done 3 cm depth in the soil, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:18. English. Eleusine distans Moench. & Schult.f. [4] Eleusine japonica Steud. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Facilitates organic weed management due to better distinction of weed and crop. However, finger millet is difficult to mill due to the small size of the seeds and because the bran is bound very tightly to the endosperm. Another method to process the finger millet grain is germinating the seed. Wetland Status. We acknowledge Australian Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islander People as the first inhabitants of the nation, and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students live, learn and work. How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Most of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands) and is sparingly naturalised in Tasmania. Bufo, syn. [20] Ragi is dried, powdered, and boiled to form a thick mass that is allowed to cool. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. [4], Finger millet is native to the Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands. Contributors: Molur, S. Justification: Eleusine indica is common and widespread species. is an accepted name The Plant List Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. It is an invasive species in some areas. [citation needed]. Eleusine indica. [4] Finger millet can tolerate moderately acidic soils (pH 5), but also moderately alkaline soils (pH 8.2). Eleusine africana (Kenn.-O'Bryne), Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine floccifolia (Spreng), Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine intermedia (Chiov.) In Karnataka, finger millet is generally consumed in the form of a porridge called ragi mudde in Kannada. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 1,255 results for SPECIES: Eleusine indica placeholder The search results include records for synonyms and child taxa of placeholder ( link placeholder ). After this drying, threshing and cleaning the grains by winnowing. [11][12] Finger millet blast can be controlled with cultural measures, chemical treatments, and the use of resistant varieties. It is then eaten with a spicy meat curry and is usually swallowed in small balls, rather than chewing. The seeds should be sown about 3 cm deep in the soil. When the earhead on the main shoot and 50% of the earheads on the crop turn brown, the crop is ready for the first harvest. silver crabgrass. Spikelets overhanging on the Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. [11] In East and Southern Africa, the closely related species Eleusine indica (common name Indian goose grass) is a severe weed competitor of finger millet. (Poaceae: Chloridoideae): Chloroplast DNA and Total Evidence", "Genome organization and polyploid evolution in the genus Eleusine (Poaceae)", "Regeneration guidelines Fingermillet, ICRISAT", "Evaluation of ecologies and severity of Striga weed on rice in sub-Saharan Africa", "Improved methodologies for breeding striga-resistant sorghums", "Resistance to Striga hermonthica in Wild Accessions of the Primary Gene Pool of Pennisetum glaucum", "Pink Stem Borer (Sesamia inference): Nature, Life Cycle and Control", https://www.livechennai.com/healthnews.asp?catid=10&newsid=45408&nav=n, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eleusine_coracana&oldid=991923810, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, With cereals: Finger millet/maize, finger millet/. 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