whitelisting, anti-malware, honeypots and sandboxing to assist with managing Each object has an owner that has special rights on it and each subject has another subject (controller) with special rights. The testing can be a drill to test reactions to a physical attack or disruption of the network, a penetration test of the firewalls and perimeter network to uncover vulnerabilities, a query to employees to gauge their knowledge, or a review of the procedures and standards to make sure they still align with business or technology changes that have been implemented. This is why this is an area where information security professionals should invest a considerable amount of time. This includes characteristics such as ridge bifurcation or a ridge ending on a fingerprint. Pharming is a DNS attack that tries to send a lot of bad entries to a DNS server. An initialization vector (IV) is an arbitrary number that can be used along with a secret key for data encryption. It's an ACM based on the view of an architecture from different point of view. Provisioning and deprovisioning refer to creation and deletion of users. Can be private, solely for your organization, you can acquire certificates from a trusted 3rd party provider, or you can have a combination of both. See the following list below: NFPA standard 75 requires building hosting information technology to be able to withstand at least 60 minutes of fire exposure. This includes the classification of information and ownership of information, systems, and business processes (Data and Assets). Zachman Framework is a diagram with two axes. Water and Class K wet chemical extinguishers are usually silver. These of course, are set to guidelines and other organizational requirements. Additional information on Accreditation, C&A, RMF at SANS Reading Room. GDPR is a privacy regulation in EU law for data protection on all individuals within the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). There's no shortcut to being a security pro. They can also be done to assess physical security or reliance on resources. In short, if you do business with European citizens, you need to know about this, regardless if you live in the EU or not. What about revocation of access for users who have left the organization? You should be shaking your head yes as you go through these notes. Private keys and information about issued certificates can be stored in a database or a directory. There are different types of IDS/IPS setups: IDS can use different detection methods, but it's not uncommon to see the use of both of the following methods: Note: Wikipedia redirects IPS to the IDS page. The Framework for Enterprise Architecture: Background, Description and Utility by: John A. Zachman The Zachman Framework Evolution by John P Zachman Using Language to Gain Control of Enterprise Architecture by: Simons, Zachman and Kappelman Zachman's Genius by: Matthew Kern, ZCEA CEA³ CISSP-ISSAP PMP For the technical team, the communication should include details, estimated time to recover, and perhaps the details to the incident response team's resolution. IT systems can log any transaction, but are rarely enabled across the board. In such cases, you can rely on compensating controls or external auditing to minimize risk. He had admittedly not used Zachman's work for many years in his early career, he was just now examining it. Quantitative Analysis calculates monetary loss in dollars per year of an asset. If anything needs to be corrected or added, please sound off in the comments below. Mister Exam CISSP - Guide to CISSP Standards. Instead, it is often referred to as “same sign-on” because you use the same credentials. Select a baseline set of security controls. It is a good practice and almost always recommend to follow. It's divided into 5 main categories: The Capability Maturity Model was originally created to develop software, but can be adopted to handle security management. However, the phases are interdependent. The security of APIs starts with requiring authentication using a method such as OAuth or API keys. A layer serves the layer above it and is served by the layer below it. Single sign-on provides an enhanced user authentication experience as the user accesses multiple systems and data across a variety of systems. The company/organization have metrics about the process. Instead of authenticating to each system individually, the recent sign-on is used to create a security token that can be reused across apps and systems. CSMA/CA also requires that the receiving device send an acknowledgement once the data are received. Access Control is the measures taken to allow only the authorized subject to access an object. It is a layering tactic, conceived by the National Security Agency (NSA) as a comprehensive approach to information and electronic security. All of this should be done in accordance with the organization's security requirements. It is a layered model,with its first layer defining business requirements from a security perspective.Each layer decreases in abstraction and increases in detail. Welcome to the CISSP study notes. Based on your group memberships, you have a specific type of access (or no access). Security engineers attempt to retrofit an existing system with security features designed to protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of the data handled by that system. Lightweight Directory Access Protocol is a standards-based protocol (RFC 4511) that traces its roots back to the X.500, which was released in the early 1990s. Discount the importance of training and awareness as the CISSP exam questions are also called span of! 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