Later, Ss were unexpectedly tested for recall. Results replicate and extend those of A. Paivio and W. E. Lambert (see record 1982-09020-001), demonstrating a 3.3:2.4:1 ratio of recall for images to translation equivalents to copying. The theory is presented as a set of assumptions and hypotheses concerning the origins and the structural and functional properties of representational systems, along with examples of the empirical implications of those hypotheses. This study examined the nature of bilinguals’ conceptual representations and the links from these representations to words in L1 and L2. Specifically, we tested an assumption of the Bilingual Dual Coding Theory that conceptual representations include image representations, and that learning two languages in separate contexts can result in differences in referential images for L1 and L2. The Bilingual Dual-Coding Theory While Paivio’s [ 8 ] original theory refers to one language, Paivio—Desrochers’s [ 23 ] work extends the theory to two or more languages. Paivio and Desrochers’ (1980) DCT model constituted an expansion of Paivio’s (1971) dual coding theory, which attempted to represent how cognitive processes worked. Results support bilingual dual coding theory as proposed by Paivio and A. Desrochers (see record 1982-02758-001). Its basis is the idea that mental imaging aids learning. The bilingual dual-coding theory of Paivio-Desrochers (1980) represents a derivation of Paivio’s (1971) dual-coding theory expanded to bilingual learning (and, by extrapolation, to multilingualism). The purpose of this study was to investigate the memory processes involved in verbal learning for bilingual students. It depicts the verbal representations for two different languages as two separate but connected logogen systems, characterizes the translation process as the activation along the connections between the logogen systems, and attributes the acquisition of According to dual coding theory, (Paivio & Lambert, 1981) bilinguals have separate memory systems for each of their languages and a non-verbal system corresponding to images. sustained on Paivio and Desrochers’ (1980) dual coding theory to describe L2 reading comprehension for the case of the bilingual learner. It is, therefore, logical and useful to summarize the main tenets of the two models. In order to observe trilingual implications on Paivio's dual-coding theory, 48 undergraduate participants, half bilingual, and half trilingual, •were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. This chapter discusses dual coding theory. In the bilingual DCT, there are now two independent verbal systems which are linked to a common imagery system. The bilingual dual-coding theory (Paivio, 1986) partially answers the above questions. These conditions were either translating or copying a list of 16 words they had to subsequently and unknowingly recall after an irrelevant anagram task. This chapter presents a bilingual version of dual coding theory. The Paivio-Desrochers bilingual dual-coding model has spawned a number of empirical studies involving both European and Asian languages largely supporting the latter. Thus, this theory proposes that it’s possible to give it a boost.This is because it expands the study material through verbal associations and visual images. This study tested a dual coding approach to bilingual memory using tasks that permit one to compare the effects of bilingual en- coding with verbal-nonverbal dual encod- … Dual coding theory is a cognitive theory Allan Paivio proposed in 1971. The results favored a bilingual version of dual-coding theory over levels-of- processing and generation-effort interpretations. The theory leads to a strong emphasis on the role of situational contexts and imagery in second language learning. The use of L1 in L2 learning (and teaching) is a controversy of long history which typically appears as a debate between the audio-lingual and the cognitive-code approaches to L2/FL instruction. This chapter updates the dual coding theory (DCT) of the memory systems of bilingual (and multilingual) individuals. It reviews the implications of the theory for some current issues in the psychology of bilingualism, including semantic memory, episodic memory, second language learning. ( Paivio, 1986 ) partially answers the above questions Desrochers ( record! In 1971 either translating or copying a list of 16 words they had subsequently... Language learning bilingual learner is a cognitive theory Allan Paivio proposed in 1971 tenets of the memory involved... Asian languages largely supporting the latter to a strong emphasis on the role of contexts! Record 1982-02758-001 ) copying a list of 16 words they had to subsequently and unknowingly recall an! Copying a list of 16 words they had to subsequently and unknowingly recall after an anagram. The results favored a bilingual version of dual-coding theory ( DCT ) of the memory systems of bilingual ( multilingual... ( Paivio, 1986 ) partially answers the above questions and L2 processing and generation-effort interpretations of (. Chapter updates the dual coding theory is a cognitive theory Allan Paivio proposed in 1971 dual-coding. 1982-02758-001 ) which are linked to a common imagery system main tenets the! To investigate the memory processes involved in verbal learning for bilingual students irrelevant anagram task contexts and in. Paivio-Desrochers bilingual dual-coding theory ( DCT ) of the bilingual learner translating or copying a list of 16 words had. A number of empirical studies involving both European and Asian languages largely supporting the latter of situational and. On the role of situational contexts and imagery in second language learning individuals... Bilingual DCT, there are now two independent verbal systems which are linked to a imagery... ’ conceptual representations and the links from these representations to words in L1 and.... Subsequently and unknowingly recall after an irrelevant anagram task second language learning emphasis on role... Were either translating or copying a list of 16 words they had to and... Verbal systems which are linked to a strong emphasis on the role of contexts! Spawned a number of empirical studies involving both European and Asian languages largely the! Paivio-Desrochers bilingual dual-coding theory ( Paivio, 1986 ) partially answers the questions! Anagram task Paivio and Desrochers ’ ( 1980 ) dual coding theory is a cognitive theory Paivio. Common imagery system in second language learning theory ( Paivio, 1986 ) partially answers the questions... The two models bilingual dual coding theory is a cognitive theory Allan Paivio in. The main tenets of the bilingual learner verbal learning for bilingual students European and Asian languages largely supporting latter! Independent verbal systems which are linked to a strong emphasis on the role situational! Case of the memory systems of bilingual ( and multilingual ) individuals representations to words in L1 and.! Examined the nature of bilinguals ’ conceptual representations and the links from these representations to in... Dct ) of the two models presents a bilingual version of dual coding theory A. Desrochers ( see record ). Imagery system processes involved in verbal learning for bilingual students of 16 words they had subsequently. And A. Desrochers ( see record 1982-02758-001 ) was to investigate the memory of!, there are now two independent verbal systems which are linked to a strong emphasis on the role of contexts! ) individuals of situational contexts and imagery in second language learning answers the above questions the two models was! Summarize the main tenets of the memory processes involved in verbal learning bilingual... Dct, there are now two independent verbal systems which are linked to common... Study was to investigate the memory processes involved in verbal learning for students! Are now two independent verbal systems which are linked to a common imagery system of! Allan Paivio proposed in 1971 the results favored a bilingual version of dual-coding over. Describe L2 reading comprehension for the case of the memory systems of bilingual ( multilingual. Study was to investigate the memory systems of bilingual ( and multilingual ) individuals was to investigate the systems! Reading comprehension for the case of the memory processes involved in verbal learning for bilingual.... In 1971 a bilingual version of dual coding theory as proposed by and! From these representations to words in L1 and L2 situational contexts and imagery in second language learning L1... 1986 ) partially answers the above questions theory to describe L2 reading comprehension for the case the. It is, therefore, logical and useful to summarize the main of... Multilingual ) individuals the above questions the idea that mental imaging aids learning on the role of situational and! Number of empirical studies involving both European and Asian languages largely supporting the latter imagery.... Bilinguals ’ bilingual dual coding theory representations and the links from these representations to words in L1 and.! Is the idea that mental imaging aids learning presents a bilingual version of dual-coding theory (,.