American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Ofu Island Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 430374) Taxon name on voucher: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. is an accepted name The Plant List. Agropyron geminatum Schult. In India, E. indica is a principal weed infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming’s. Category: Whole plant Eleusine indica - inflorescence … Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn. Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Species Overview. This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. Raise 2 to 6 inflorescences radially at the tip of the stem and attach spikes to the underside. India (Maharashtra State, Raigad District): grains made into flour for chapatis. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb : MAP CONTROLS 1. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Eleusine indica is a non-native grass commonly found in disturbed sites throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003).Originally native to Eurasia, goosegrass is widely distributed in the United States.It is also widespread in Florida where it is commonly found in cultivated fields, turf, pastures, landscapes, orchards, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. A check on seed set in the September post-emergence test showed that plants from plots which had been treated with DSMA with and without 2,4-D, yielded an average of 53 and 68 seed respectively as compared with 452 seed from plants of the untreated plots. It is very similar to crabgrass, and the two weeds are often confused. the palea and lemma). Seeds germinate at or near the surface of moist soils with temperatures above 65°F (Chauhan and Johnson 2008) and are not affected by a pH range from 5–10. Weed Description Each spikelet contains 3-6 light brown to black seeds that are 1-2 mm long. Grass family (Poaceae) Description:Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at thebase, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Goose Grass (Eleusine indica) GooseGrass. Eleusine distans Moench. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. ELEUSINE INDICA (2n = 2x = 18), commonly known as goosegrass, is an annual, self-pollinating, dip-loid grass species in the Poaceae family. 1979). Eleusine indica is an annual plant which grows to the height of 1/2-2 feet tall. Weed control : - Biological Natural enemies restricted to the genus Eleusine might well be considered for biological control of E. indica except in India or other regions where finger millet (E. coracana) is an important cereal. ex Wall.. Cynosurus indicus L.. Cynosurus pectinatus Lam.. Eleusine distachya Trin. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. E. indica seeds germinated best without glumes, at alternating temperatures of 20/35 deg C in light. Where Found. Mostof the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. Normal size: 2.4 – 4(5) mm long . 3 vols. Biology and Management of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. Chuah TS, Salmijah S, Teng YT, Ismail BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). E. indica seeds germinated between 20°C and WC with opti- California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. One weed that has no real beneficial use to humans is goosegrass, or Eleusine indica. It has a rela-tively small genome size of approximately 8.03 × 108 bp (Mysore and Baird, 1997). Weed Biol Manag 4:114–121 Google Scholar Understanding its life cycle will provide useful management information. Leaves are green and linear. The seeds are edible and also consumed as a famine food but have low yields. Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. FLORET . The seed is a reddish-brown to black grain. Eleusine indica - whole plant. Brown. The seed of Indian Goose Grass and are sometimes consumed, especially during famine.—A. Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. (Poaceae) SPIKELET . 3. Both can be treated with similar weed control programs by a lawn maintenance service. The culms aregreen, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden bythe sheaths. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. Indian Goosegrass is closely associated to Elesine coracana (African finger millet or finger millet). Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Its seeds are available in late summer and early fall (Steyermark 1963). How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Color: straw colored . POACEAE / Plants For Use (3) C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of Eleusine indica inhibit LPS-induced mouse lung inflammation / Planta medica ISSN 0032-0943 CODEN PLMEAA / … Seedlings First leaf 3-5 times longer than wide, and opens parallel to the ground. manienie ali'i. Eleusine indica, etc ; buried seeds; field experimentation; flowers; germination; plant height; reproduction; seed set; seedlings; weed control; weeds; China; Show all 12 Subjects Abstract:... Goosegrass is considered one of the worst agricultural weeds worldwide. silver crabgrass. Any Eleusine in pre-contact Eastern Woodland archeobotanical assemblages is therefore both intrusive and non-native. & Schult.f. Ususally growing to a height of 1 m or less, Eleusine indica is a tufted annual easily recognized for its narrow, dense spikes, about four of which emanate from the terminus of each culm (Steyermark 1963). Eleusine-Sporobolus-Setaria Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Axonopus Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Borreria Community Germination Studies Results of germination studies for the 2 species at different temperatures, soil depths, and environments are presented in Table 3. (1) Eleusine indica / Plants For A Future: Database Search Results (2) Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. The ecology, morphology, production and physiology of Eleusine indica seeds were studied. 2. wiregrass. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Crowfoot Grass, Goosegrass, Wire Grass (Eleusine indica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. These 'seeds' are reddish-brown in colour and enclosed within the old straw-coloured floral bracts (i.e. Diamond ... Eleusine indica var. Later leaves are v-shaped. Eleusine indica. Baliousis, E. (2014). Names of Eleusine Indica in various languages of the world are also given. Soaking seeds prior to incubation resulted in higher germination percentage. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): ... Goosegrass seedheads grow containing 3-7 spikes. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Texture: smooth, glabrous, papery . Chuah, TS, Salmijah, S, Teng, YT, Ismail, BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Eleusine indica. General shape: lanceolate . Weed Biol Manag 4 : 114 – 121 Distinguishing features It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Cynosurus ara Buch.-Ham. spike few to several, usually whorled on stem top, spikelets tightly clustered, thick, two-rowed, flattened Eleusine indica. bicide resistance in E. indica and the evolutionary process in the three allotetraploid E. indica offspring. goose grass. American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Ofu Island National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Solarization has been shown to kill seeds of E. indica down to 5 cm (Standifer et al., 1984). There are a few things that differentiate the two different weeds from each other. Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. On germination, the first leaf, about 1 cm long, tapers very suddenly to a point and may be pressed quite flat on the soil. Taxon name on voucher: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. The plant thrives well in disturbed areas having compacted soils in full sun. Eleusine indica Goosegrass is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Silver Crabgrass, Wire-grass, Yard-grass, Bullgrass, Crowfoot-grass or by its scientific name, Eleusine indica. It is considered a noxious weed or invasive species in over 42 countries. Chad (central): grains eaten. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. Reproduction and dispersal This species reproduces by seed, which may be spread by water, animals or in contaminated soil and agricultural produce. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Seeds germinate rapidly, usually within 7 to 14 days under moist conditions, strong light and fluctuating temperatures (Busey, no date). Indian Goose Grass is a serious weed in row crops. This lawn weed makes its home in sidewalk cracks and lawns. Eleusine indica ( L.) Gaertn. ARABIC: Kalassindra (Chad). M. S. thesis, Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. in Ornamental Plant Production3 production (Holm et al. Eleusine indica ( scientific name: Eleusine indica) is a temperate to tropical region of the world, it is a grass of an annual herb of the family Poaceae. The seeds are attached in a zipper appearance on the spike. ex Steud.. Eleusine distans Link. It grows naturally in the field during the summer and autumn. 1913. Fo… The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Über die Verbreitung von Eleusine indica und E. tristachya (Gramineae) in Österreich Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 116: 181-190. Chloris repens Steud.. Cynodon indicus (L.) Raspail. Emphasis was on germination, as it determined success or failure as a competitor in a crop. Other vernacular names. Britton, N.L., and A. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Multiple floret spikelet with 5 – 7 florets that disarticulates above the glumes (glumes remain attached to plant) and between florets . Leaf sheaths are flattened, smooth, and even on seedlings often are distinctly white to silver at the base. 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