Jesus had died on the cross and had been raised from the dead. I think 1 Tim is a 2nd C text (therefore not Pauline) and reflects some tension in a community of that period. Many of the instructions in the letters to Timothy are not part of the usual, or general, teaching and instructions about his “way of life in Christ Jesus” that Paul taught and demonstrated in all the churches he founded or ministered in. Aquila. ], Belleville, Linda L., “Women Leaders in the Bible” in Discovering Biblical Equality: Complementarity without Hierarchy, Ronald W. Pierce and Rebecca Merrill Groothuis (ed) (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 2004), Blue, B. His solution was to expel all Jews. Aquila is traditionally listed among the Seventy Disciples. But he only knew about John’s baptism. The Orthodox Church commemorates them together on February 13, while other Orthodox Churches commemorate Aquila alone as an apostle on July 14. I believe in scripture whenever there is teaching concerning the Bride ofChrist youwill find Jesus nearby, ifnot right by her side. Priscilla, Aquila, and Apollos. How could the scribes get this wrong?. As we read the account of Aquila, Priscilla, and Apollos in Acts 18, we remember the importance of properly teaching the faith. Your email address will not be published. He was the Messiah. It certainly seems that Apollos was an apostle. I have an article about 1 Timothy 2:12 here: https://margmowczko.com/1-timothy-212-not-as-clear/, And a short article about 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 here: https://margmowczko.com/1-corinthians-1434-35-in-a-nutshell/. 26 He began to speak boldly in the synagogue. With baptism God joined men (humans) to the church. 14:34-35, or elsewhere. Required fields are marked *. If you wish to critique me, I suggest that you read more of my articles so that you find out what I actually believe. and (2) to provide instruction in a formal or informal setting, teach.” Apollos is himself described as someone who was “speaking (laleō) and teaching (didaskō)” about Jesus (Acts 18:25). Wasn’t the early church a little informal and private in many aspects? Of all the Christians in the city, however, it was Priscilla and Aquila who approached Apollos with the aim of explaining the “way of God” (i.e. Then he left the brothers and sisters and sailed for Syria. Priscilla and Aquila took him aside in a private setting and shared vital insights. Apollos would go on to become an outstanding minister of the gospel (1 Cor. There’s no other verse in the Bible that forbids a woman teaching a man. It would be hard to doubt that the Holy Spirit was among the three during their little teaching session. If you are not convinced that she “taught,” at the very least Priscilla, along with her husband, explained or expounded the doctrine of water baptism to Apollos (Acts 18:26). (26) Whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard . )” [From a footnote above. Hi Tricia, it’s never too late to leave comments. Merri. He himself went into the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews. What’s that about? So Priscilla and Aquila invited Apollos to their house and explained the new meaning to him. I agree. How many times did God tell Aaron’s sons how to make their fire? Paul’s trade as a tentmaker was probably learned in his youth. accompanied . I have written about 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 here: https://margmowczko.com/equality-and-gender-issues/interpretations-applications-1-cor-14_34-35/, Just thought I’d throw in my view as someone emailed me recently about what I thought of 1 Tim 2. Priscilla and Aquila fled Rome during the Jewish persecution under Claudius, 49 or 50, and settled in Corinth. . Paul advises these women to ask their questions to their more-educated husbands at home. Euodia and Syntyche: Women Church Leaders at Philippi As an accomplished and careful writer, skilled in Greek, the author of Acts has a large vocabulary. Moreover, in Acts 28:23 there is unmistakable evidence of rhetorical persuasion. 28 for he [Apollos] powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the scriptures that the Messiah is Jesus. Were Priscilla, Phoebe and Junia friends? Does not make sense that my partner can not teach as she is a gifted teacher. Genesis 4:1 is the first mention in the biblical record of Adam and Eve having sex, so this may have been their first time. 15 “Rather than correct Apollos publicly, Priscilla and Aquila . If authoritative teaching is a special category, Priscilla is doing it. Luke’s final use of the word ektithēmi occurs in a passage where we read that Paul was explaining, testifying, and trying to persuade many people about Jesus using Old Testament scripture. the force of ektithēmi never seemed to transgress into the realm of exhortation. To say that God does not have an opinion b/c it was a different setting/culture/time is calling God a liar.  As previously stated, BDAG (2000: 310) defines ektithēmi as “to convey information by careful elaboration”. Their bias is clearly visible. This is the same with Junia in Romans 16:7 where they do everything possible to say she was only known to the Apostles not one herself. It’s impossible in my view to be dogmatic or find one right way of reading the evidence, and applying it to the 21st C. The other thing that is interesting to me is that, let’s take 1 Tim 2 – some people apply some verses that subjugate women to the 21st C but do not match the contexts. Changing Phoebe role as a diakonon/decon on a technicality to a servant to conceal that it was a Chruch office despite it being used of male Deacons in the Pastorals. Marg, when people hold fast to scripture as Gods truth, it prevails over settings/times/cultures, and especially over their your own desires. (I), 23 After spending some time in Antioch, Paul set out from there and traveled from place to place throughout the region of Galatia(J) and Phrygia,(K) strengthening all the disciples.(L). Apollos is also mentioned by Luke in a retrospective account of his time in Ephesus in 52 CE recorded in Acts 18:24-28. What Country are you in? What he adds respecting the Church in their house is worthy of being observed; for he could not have more splendidly adorned their household than by giving it the title of a Church. Well, it would be kerusso (proclamation)–which happens in the synagogues and market-places in the gospels and Acts–more like “goodnews-ing” (euaggelizo). Men and women are mutually dependent on each other, and not independent or separate, because we have a common source, God. Hello Marg, They arrived at Ephesus, where he [Paul] left them [Priscilla and Aquila]. Posted by Marg | Sep 11, 2010 | All Posts on Equality, Bible Women, Equality in Ministry, Paul and Women, Women in Ministry | 48. (Acts 18:18-19). With a godly concern for this man, Aquila and Priscilla took Apollos aside and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly. What in scripture supports that they were church leaders? Jerome mentioned the couple when he defended his own right to teach women: “Aquila and Priscilla educate Apollos, an apostolic man learned in the law, in the way of the lord. I ask because I have also heard comp men argue that women were made to meet men’s needs not the other way around and the word “dia” in 11:9 was the proof text they use. Their teaching to Apollos became instrumental in leading thousands of others to Christ. The writer has an interesting interpretation of Gen 3 which even Gen 3 does not seem to endorse as the man is punished (more?) Apollos also seemed to be preaching throughout the world, appearing in Ephesus again later (1 Cor 16:12), and even later in Crete with Zenas, the lawyer (Tit 3:13). Hi Marg, And he adds a statement about the church that meets in their home in Rome. 1 corinthians 4:17 says timothy is going to teach the ways of Paul as it is in ALL churches… Is this also referring to Timothys letter? Thiselton, The First Epistle to the Corinthians, pp. Aquila. I’m not 100% clear on the question you were asking yourself. They offer him further teaching and knowledge. You informed me that…”We clearly have a different understanding… and about ministry in general. How can Wallace say such a thing, how can he say that to explain is not the same as teaching? Just to be clear, let me state that Timothy didn’t write 1 and 2 Timothy. Whether saved or not, Apollos was teaching the way of God accurately. Aquilla and his wife Priscilla meet Paul and he tells them about Jesus. People are being set free from sin and death every day. In 1 Cor 4:6, 9-13 Paul describes Apollos as an apostle who had shared the privations of the traveling apostolic life. Read full chapter. 17. 11:5). The fact is, whether the word “teach”, “explain”, “dialogue/discuss”, “proclaim”, “prophesy” or “goodnews-ing” is used–these are similar activities. People are learning and growing as disciples every day. Now they have messed with Gen 3:16 to make it seem like male headship was ordained in the creation account. I strongly suspect that Peter’s and Paul’s explanations were not devoid of exhortations. Then he left the brothers and sisters and sailed for Syria. KJV is extremely male-biased. 24 At that time a Jew named Apollos came to Ephesus. In the Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, Aquila and a man named Nicetas are listed as the first bishops of Asia. He came to them, and because he was of the same trade, he stayed with them and they were working, for by trade they were tent-makers. .--Many of the best MSS. All rights reserved worldwide. All this evidence suggests that Apollos was a well known and respected leader of the nascent church, who was also an apostle. Because Gods Word DOES tell us what DID happen w/Apollos, I find it more likely that when they taught a man, it was in a “one on one setting,” and the “Lords Day” preaching, or anything resembling that (or any other day), was done by men. Also, Priscilla and Aquila didn’t try to convert him, they corrected him. More recently, Adolf von Harnack and Ruth Hoppin each speculate that Priscilla may have been the author of the book of Hebrews. To discount Priscilla and Aquila’s “explaining” as true teaching simply because Luke didn’t use the word didaskō is unwarranted, especially when considering the context of ektithēmi in the book of Acts.. Aquila and Priscilla returned to Rome by 57 AD where they became church leaders again. He taught the truth about Jesus. Apollos wasn't teaching the whole truth. I am also thrilled to be in the body and serving, which I do according to my gifts and abilities. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Apollos Goes to Corinth: So now Apollos was an even better teacher… Luke uses ektithēmi with this sense three times in Acts: in Acts 11:4 of Peter’s teaching, in Acts 18:26 of Priscilla and Aquila’s, and in Acts 28:23 of Paul’s. Of Priscilla ’ s and priscilla and aquila teach apollos were teaching him this what you are in... S correction of Apollos sufficiently important to note that Aquila and Priscilla, Aquila 26! 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