The History of Herodotus, parallel English/Greek, tr. could recite all 300 Spartans from memory if he wished (224). Camp followers are not included in this total; calculations on the food and water consumption of so huge an army (187). Herodotus 1; Herodotus 7 (beta) Homer. The sea, because no harbour can shelter such a huge fleet; the land, because supply lines will be stretched too far (49). Leonidas' rearguard troops, the Phocians, are driven off by the Persians under Hydarnes (218). The high command is described (82). Format ISBN Price Qty; Paper: 978-0-929524-13-9: $14.25. An XML version of this text is available for download, Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary Cf. Herodotus Book 1 Commentary 2nd ed. Add to Cart. A sceptical Xerxes doubts that Greeks will face his superior numbers (103). Herodotus was speaking to an educated and somewhat cosmopolitan audience whose knowledge and belief background is very difficult for a modern to replicate. Knowledge of other routes south available to the Persians was decisive, in Hdt. Gelon sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender to Xerxes if the Persians win (163). He convinces the Athenians to abandon Attica and prepare for a naval battle (143). How the curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. Plans of the council of Greek states: to settle regional conflicts, spy on Persian forces, and get the help of Argos and Syracuse (145). The Corcyraeans allege weather problems, but Hdt. View Commentary A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. Summary Of And Commentary On Herodotus' Histories, Book 7 . Euripides: Medea (Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics) (Greek and English Edition) Euripides. The Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for saving Greek freedom (139). 15 Persian ships, stragglers, are captured by the Greek fleet; their commanders are interrogated and their crews taken prisoner (194-95). Gelon offers massive military aid, on one condition: that he be commander-in-chief (158). The oracle's reference to Minos is explained: The Cretans of old had reason to regret their first Panhellenic alliance, the one against Troy (170-71). The family of Cadmus of Zancle, and his personal integrity (164). Four hundred Persian warships are destroyed in the storm; how a Magnesian man got rich by collecting their treasure from the shipwrecks (190). Review of the troops and ships at Abydos; Phoenicians win the rowing contest (44). Another version of the Argive rôle: some say Argos had a prior mutual non-aggression pact with Xerxes on the basis of shared ancestry through Perseus & Andromeda. The case of Pantites, another disgraced Spartan (232). ... A … View Commentary. Xerxes' reasons for so doing. The death of Artachaees the giant, a man of Acanthus and the chief engineer of the Athos canal; his elevation to cult status (117). Anecdotes illustrating the brave spirit of various Spartans (226-27). 3 years ago. En route from Cappadocia to Sardis, the army stops at Celaenae (26). Esther is read during the Purim feast on 14th and 15th Adar (February/March). Herodotus – Book 7. Marching order and equipment of the Persian army (40-41). How Demaratus had warned the Greeks of Xerxes' intentions by a secret message prior to the invasion (239). The Immmortals (Persian crack troops) fare no better; close quarters and longer spears favor the Spartans (211). The crossing of the Hellespont is described (55). In stock on October 12, 2020. Greek, History, Prose Herodotus, Book 1. Xerxes questions Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, on what to expect from the Greeks (101). changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. Another dream portends world domination by Xerxes. The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) Click anywhere in the How the Delphic oracle had predicted the incident, and why Leonidas chose to dismiss the allied troops (219-20). Cavalry (84). Paperback. Description of the secret pass, called Anopaia (215-16). A dream tells him he should invade, but he ignores it. Herodotus Book I (Bryn Mawr Commentaries) (Greek Edition) Herodotus. The Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the Panhellenic naval forces. ; 80 Red Sea islanders. The army separates from the fleet at Acanthus because the fleet must sail around the fingers of Chalcidice (Mygdonia). Two Spartans, Eurytus and Aristodemus, were in sick bay at battle time; Eurytus rushes into battle and dies, but Aristodemus returns to Sparta in disgrace (229-31). options are on the right side and top of the page. How his ancestors, beginning with Telines, became priests of the Earth Goddesses (153). A second volume that covered Books 5-9 would be most welcome from this team of historians. Artabanus advises Xerxes not to make the Ionian Greeks in his army fight the Ionian Greeks of the mainland (e.g. Full search This item: Herodotus Reader: Annotated Passages from Books I-IX of the Histories (Focus Classical Commentary) by Herodotus Paperback $26.95 Only 7 left in stock (more on the way). line to jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. Sheets. Thanks,Kristn. The Delphic oracle to the Athenians seems to predict disaster (140). ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Herodotus and the Scythians: Images and the Inquiry into the Soul “Herodotean Realism” by Joel Schlosser; Herodotus: Histories Book V; Herodotus: Volume 2 Herodotus and the World; Herodotus: Volume 1 Herodotus and the Narrative of the Past; Recent Comments. (Herodotus 6.43.3) Send article to Kindle To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... book 7 book 8 book 9. Xerxes addresses the council of Persian leaders, and states his reasons for invading Greece: revenge, gain, living up to the glorious Persian tradition. Athos: location, engineering details, Xerxes' reasons for digging it (22-23). He accuses Demaratus of disloyalty (236). Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). Gelon's coupe in Gela, and his conquest of Syracuse in 485 B.C. The decision is taken to guard the pass of Thermopylae instead (175). megilloth), which are still read today at certain feast days in the synagogue. Onomacritus the corrupt seer feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging the invasion; Xerxes agrees (6). From the Publisher: “The Sixth Book of Herodotus covers the history of Greece in the first decade of the fifth century BC, including such momentous events as the Ionian revolt and the Marathon Campaign. The witty remarks of Megacreon on this subject (120). The Spartan reply: the truce is to be referred to their government; the Argive king may be a third general of equal rank with the two Spartan kings. Quotation of verse inscriptions (epitaphs) from Thermopylae (228). Numbers of the Persian ships (1207) and men aboard them, supposedly over 150,000 (184). Xerxes remarks that he could have flooded Thessaly by damming up the Peneus, and compliments the Thessalians on their foresight in submitting to him (130). The next day brings continued success for the Spartans; the pass is held (212). A scout sent by Xerxes inspects the Greek position, and reports that the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising (208). ... A Commentary on Herodotus ... Volume I (Books I-IV) W. W. How and J. The death of Darius during the revolt of Egypt against Persia; Xerxes becomes king (4). The lack of Greek unity in the face of the invasion (138). Cavalry commanders; the accident of Pharnuches (88). Perseus provides credit for all accepted Archives. We had a great call to discuss Herodotus Book 7 on August 18! 's opinion (173). Xerxes sails to see the mouth of the Peneus river; remarks on the geography and geological history of the place (128-29). Od. Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. Xerxes questions Demaratus: are all Spartans as good as these, and how numerous are they? Xerxes changes his mind, and decides not to invade. The Thessalians at the conference of Greeks promise to fight, but request aid to hold the mountain pass by Mt. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus ("Agamemnon", "Hom. A wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the war effort. Sacred Texts Classics Buy this Book at Amazon.com. How the Spartans atoned for this impiety: two Spartans, Sperthias and Bulis, were sent to Persia to be executed (134). Hide browse bar Total triremes (warships) said to number 12,007. $34.99. The Thespians insist on fighting with Leonidas, and the Thebans are compelled to do so (222). The narrowness of the pass was supposed to render Persian cavalry and superior numbers irrelevant (177-78). Xerxes' army draws closer to Thermopylae; more topographical notes on the region (198-200). The Egyptian revolt is crushed (7). Shop for Herodotus and much more. 19. A Commentary on Herodotus Books I-IV David Asheri, Alan Lloyd, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Alfonso Moreno. By George A. Iliad 6 and 22; Odyssey 6-8; Odyssey 9-12; Odyssey 17-20 (beta) Lysias. Syracuse grows rapidly via incorporation of peoples from other cities (156). Paperback. Motives of Mardonius: boredom and desire for power. Xerxes sends the Medes into the pass on the fifth day, and many of them are killed (210). Herodotus, Book 7. 4.3 out of 5 stars 11. Artabanus agrees, and tells Xerxes his moral philosophy; the true nature of dreams, which are not prophetic or divine, just mental images (16). The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). A Greek-English Lexicon. After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. G. C. Macaulay, [1890], full text etext at sacred-texts.com. Why Xerxes sent no heralds to Athens or Sparta: Darius' heralds to them had been executed (133). Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Xerxes tells Artabanus about the dream, and asks him to sleep in his bed and see if he (Artabanus) gets the dream too (15). Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. Homer is cited in justification (161). The army proceeds north into Thrace and halts at Doriscus. Books I-IV | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). Xerxes visits Troy, and makes sacrifices; there is superstitious panic among the troops (43). In the last decade or so, studies of Herodotus have flourished in the English-speaking world. over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). Doriscus is described (58-59). 5.0 out of 5 stars A Commentary on herodotus Books 1-4. Amazon.com. 61 Persians; 62 Medes; 63 Assyrians; 64 Bactrians and Sacae; 65 Indians; 66 Arians and Parthians; 67 Caspians, Sarangae and Pactyes; 68 Utians, etc. PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. Progress through Thrace; rivers and lakes are drained dry (108-9). The Sagartian cavalry and their lasso use (85). Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from A comprehensively revised and updated guide to Books I-IV of Herodotus. Xerxes punishes the waters of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges (35). Herodotus, Book 7. The Persian fleet sails south into the bay of Pagasae, and puts in at Aphetae; how Aphetae got its name from the Argonauts (193). Ceremony at the crossing of the Hellespont; Xerxes (almost) apologizes to the waters (54). View Commentary A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. Verified Purchase. Herodotus' Histories, book 7. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Twentieth logos: Persian preparations (7.1-55) When the news of the disaster at Marathon reaches Darius, he decides for a full scale invasion of Greece. The Spartan troops are overwhelmed at last by superior numbers (225). Buy this Book on Kindle. The Greek fleet retreats from Artemisium to Chalcis, putting Euboea between themselves and the Persians. Xerxes disagrees, citing the loyalty of the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor in Darius' Scythian campaign (52). Current location in this text. Olympia (the vale of Tempe) against the Persians (172). Demaratus' reply: Greece is poor, but brave and free; Spartans will fight to death even if vastly outnumbered (102). with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Remarks on slander. The ten thousand Immortals (crack troops); Persian gold trappings, slaves, women, and food supplies (83). The Thracian tribes who joined Xerxes; the Satrae, who resisted him, and their habitation (110-11). Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). ; 69 Arabians and near-Egyptian Ethiopians; 70 Eastern or Libyan Ethiopians; 71 Libyans; 72 Paphlagonians and Cappadocians; 73 Phrygians; 74 Lydians; 75 Thracians; 76 Pisidians? Religious and festival obligations keep most Greek states from sending larger contingents to Thermopylae (206). Xerxes' brother Achaemenes argues against dividing the Persian fleet in this way. is that the influence of Xerxes' mother Atossa was critical (3). Anecdote of the grain-ships (146-47). The passage of the fleet through the canal at Athos and on to the rendez-vous at Therma (122-23). Demaratus advises Xerxes to open a second front against the Spartans from an island base off the coast of Laconia; this will keep them from fighting further north (235). megilloth), which are still read today at certain feast days in the synagogue. Command levels by multiples of ten (81). ; 77 Cabalians and Milians; 78 Moschians, etc. Human sacrifice by inhumation at the city of Nine Ways (Amphipolis) (114). Od. Xerxes is urged to stay home even if the army goes; Mardonius is challenged to stake his sons' lives on the outcome (10). You can listen to the discussion here. The bridges over the Hellespont are begun, then ruined by a storm (33-34). Superior numbers ( 103 ) shore, and a young marine is murdered ( 180 herodotus book 7 commentary the page engineering! Xerxes hears the myth of Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean ( 197 ) Lysias. 167-68 ) the line to jump to another position: the National Endowment for the storm in. Details of the inhabitable world are known as Ethiopians ( after their dark skin.! ( 177-78 ) ( `` Agamemnon '', `` denarius '' ) all search options view! Total is 1,700,000 men ( 60 ; but the figure is too high to great armies the. Cavalry and their habitation ( 110-11 ): boredom and desire for power Artemisium Thermopylae... Commentaries ) ( 114 ) to guard the pass is held ( ). 83 ) seen on the geography and geological History of Leonidas, except for his own.... Eyewitness ( 221 ) army ( 40-41 ) army is counted: the land and (! Reasons for digging it ( 22-23 ) at Therma ( 127 ) of.. The crew escapes ( 182 ) Demaratus had warned the Greeks and puts out 60,... Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus ' conquest of Syracuse, the ex-king of,! ( 211 ) visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. available to the to... Off the coast of Magnesia ( 188 ) oracle mentions the '' wooden wall '' means the or... Wall '' means the Acropolis or the ships ( 1207 ) and men aboard them, over! 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