Maps & Photos  |  The canals also supplied a new means of transportation. Constructed by the Army Corps of Engineers, and sponsored by the Central and Southern Flood Control District (later redesignated the South Florida Water Management District), the project purposes were to provide water and flood protection for urban and agricultural lands, a water supply for Everglades National Park, the preservation of fish and wildlife habitat, facilitate navigation and recreation, and the prevention of salt water intrusion. World War ll  |  As they arrived, developers cut more canals and built new roads. Communities  |  Our innovations are "Intelligent by Design" - they don’t just work, they work better. Disston planned to drain the land, which stretched from Orlando to south of Lake Okeechobee, to expose the fertile muck that was perfect for growing crops. It was considered wasteland and so they started to drain the everglades and replaced the water for houses. A wetlandis an area of land that is covered in shallow water with really wet soil. Our ethos was defined by Everglades’ founder Bob Dougherty who was … They straightened the river in the 1960s into a canal to drain swampland and make way for the state's explosive growth. The governors believed in their obligation to drain the wetlands for cultivation and settlement, and each one contributed to its progress, beginning with William Bloxham in 1881, although Napoleon Bonaparte Broward is most often remembered for beginning the actual drainage. Representative N.J. Wicker, of Sumter County: " The Everglades is Florida's biggest asset. Everglades - Everglades - Development of the Everglades: After the Seminole Wars, which occurred sporadically from 1817 to 1858, interest in the Everglades centred on exploiting its wildlife, especially the heron and egret for their feathers and the alligator for its hide. By the time it was over, five large canals acting as drains had been dug from Lake Okeechobee to the Atlantic Ocean to let water out: the Miami, North New River, Hillsboro, West Palm Beach, and St. Lucie canals. Eventually the settlers tried to drain the Everglades again in the hopes of planting crops in the fertile soil. They had been trying to capture and kill them but were unsuccessful. This purchase started wheels turning that did not stop through lawsuits, government resolutions, land grants, studies, and contracts made and cancelled. Little by little canals, roads, and buildings displaced native habitats. Between 1905 and 1910, large tracts of land were converted to agriculture. Everglades Destruction Over the past hundred years, the Everglades has been suffering from pollution, water loss, loss of habitat, and loss of wildlife. When drained it will be the richest farming country in the United States. By the 1930's, more than 400 miles of drainage canals were … There is no other place in the world that combines a subtropical climate with a shallow, broad river, and stunning biodiversity into a complex ecosystem except for the unique Everglades. While the project still provides many of the intended benefits, the alteration of regional wetland areas, estuaries, and bays — combined with increasing population pressures and changing land uses — has significantly degraded the natural system. When and why did people begin to drain the Everglades? The Everglades only has two seasons per year… Dry season (Winter) and wet season (summer). Geography  |  More than 360 bird species can be found in Everglades National Park alone. Meanwhile, they can keep proclaiming themselves pro-environment because they support restoring the Everglades, even as they keep approving roads and other development-related projects that will cause additional environmental damage — damage that will, just like the Everglades, need to be fixed at taxpayer expense sometime in the future. An aquiferis a layer of rock underground that helps drain, filter, and purify water. Low-lying farm fields were salted by flood tides and most cisterns were polluted, a major tragedy in an area where few springs or wells existed. But by 1912 Lake Okeechobee had been fished out and the industry was gone. The Florida Everglades is an important wetland ecosystem. Railroads constructed by entrepreneurs like Henry B. The Everglades and Chokoloskee community was just recovering from a hurricane in 1909 when it was devastated by another, the worst on record, the following year. Most people assume that when the settlers planted their roots here they began to drain the Everglades. Removing the water would also remove mosquitos, alligators, and other creatures that depended on the water. Flamingo, still marking the end of the main park road, is now a park community with a campground, ranger station, marina and lodge. As far back as 1847, promoters of south Florida real estate proposed “reclaiming” the Everglades – making it usable, salable, and profitable – by dredging a few canals to drain off excess water. What did the Corps of Engineers do to the Everglades during a 30 year period? The drainage of the Everglades began in 1906 with the hope that at least 500,000 acres of wetlands would be converted to fertile soil for farming. Leverett White Brownell, a naturalist, visited Flamingo in 1893. Why is it Important to Restore the Everglades? 1901. In 1881 Florida was still suffering from the economic ravages of the Civil War and the Reconstruction years that followed. Why did builders drain the swamp land that was part of the Everglades? Prosperity of a sort reached Everglades City in the 1920s when Barron Collier made it his headquarters for the building of the Tamiami Trail across south Florida. In 1845, when Florida first became a state, the legislature took the first steps to drain the Everglades. Expanded dredging efforts between 1905 and 1910 transformed large tracts from wetland to agricultural land. The Everglades is internationally known for its extraordinary wildlife. 2. They were seen as having no utility to humans B. Everglades City is home to several airboat tours that explore parts of the Everglades outside the national park. 8. The destruction and drainage of the Florida Everglades dates back to the 19th century. How did the Everglades become polluted? The Everglades National Park is the largest surviving subtropical wilderness in the US. Wildlife officials removed 5,000 from the Everglades, according to a statement from the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. A fictionalized account of the event is told in the book Killing Mister Watson by Peter Matthiesson. The Everglades is known for its many wading birds, such as white and glossy ibises, roseate spoonbills, egrets, herons, and wood storks. 4. The first industry in the Glades was fishing for catfish. 1. Should he literally do that. In addition to the general unpleasantness that life in Everglades could bring, hurricanes were another challenge that early settlers had to contend with. Neighboring Chokoloskee did not have a road until a causeway was built from the mainland in 1956. He described the village as 38 shacks on stilts, infested with fleas and mosquitos. They did not feel welcome, and did not feel safe with the whites, get away from the city (weird working there). Draining and development dates back to the early 1900’s and many projects designed to alter the Everglades went unquestioned. Box 4364, W.P.B., FL 33402  |  It is the most expensive and comprehensive environmental repair attempt in history. The Everglades are a unique Florida wetland that covers over 750 square miles. How much time passes between the hurricane and the onset of Tea Cake's illness? The Tamiami Trail cuts straight through the heart of the Everglades. Who doesn't love being #1? Draining and development dates back to the early 1900’s and many projects designed to alter the Everglades went unquestioned. Early engineer- ing efforts focused on drainage alone, and, as a result, much of the area became excessively drained during drought years. To ensure good ocean views, they removed mangroves from the shorelines and replaced them with palm trees. 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